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Diamond History Unveiled


The discovery and use of diamonds have a long and fascinating history that spans thousands of years. Here is a detailed account of key milestones in the diamond’s journey:

  1. Ancient India (4th century BC):
    • The earliest evidence of diamonds being used and traded comes from India.
    • Diamonds were primarily found in the riverbeds of the Krishna, Penner, and Godavari rivers in the Golconda region.
    • Indians regarded diamonds as valuable and used them for various purposes, including adorning religious icons and as talismans.
  2. Ancient Trade Routes (4th century BC – 1st century AD):
    • As early as the 4th century BC, diamonds began to be traded along ancient trade routes, particularly between India and the Roman Empire.
    • They were highly sought-after and reached the Mediterranean and other parts of the world through these trade networks.
  3. Roman Empire (1st century AD):
    • The Romans started using diamonds as decorative elements for jewelry during this period.
    • They were considered a symbol of wealth and status among the aristocracy.
  4. Middle Ages (5th – 15th century AD):
    • During the Middle Ages, diamonds continued to be valued primarily in Europe, and they were often set in religious jewelry.
    • The scarcity of diamonds at the time made them even more exclusive and prestigious.
  5. Renaissance Era (16th – 17th century AD):
    • The Renaissance period saw an increase in diamond trade as exploration and trade expanded to different parts of the world.
    • The diamond’s popularity as a gemstone for the nobility and royalty continued to rise.
  6. India’s Diamond Mines and the Koh-i-Noor (17th – 19th century AD):
    • India remained the primary source of diamonds until the 18th century, and several important mines, including those in Golconda, were well-known.
    • The famous diamond “Koh-i-Noor” (Persian for “Mountain of Light”) was mined in India and eventually came into British possession in 1849 after the British East India Company’s annexation of the Punjab.
  7. Brazil’s Diamond Boom (18th century AD):
    • In the early 18th century, diamond deposits were discovered in Brazil, leading to a significant increase in diamond production and trade.
    • Brazil became a prominent diamond supplier during this time.
  8. South Africa’s Diamond Rush (19th century AD):
    • In 1867, diamonds were discovered near the Orange River in South Africa, leading to a massive diamond rush.
    • The discovery of the “Eureka Diamond” sparked a significant influx of prospectors and miners, and the region became one of the world’s leading diamond producers.
  9. De Beers Consolidation (Late 19th century – 20th century AD):
    • In the late 19th century, Cecil Rhodes and his associates formed De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd., aiming to control the world’s diamond supply.
    • De Beers became a dominant force in the diamond industry, using marketing strategies to create demand and maintain control over prices.
  10. Modern Diamond Industry (20th century AD – Present):
  • In the early 20th century, technological advancements, such as diamond cutting and polishing techniques, revolutionized the diamond industry.
  • Diamonds became more accessible to a broader market, and the tradition of using diamonds in engagement rings became widespread.
  • Other countries, such as Russia, Canada, and Australia, also became significant players in diamond production.

Today, diamonds continue to be cherished as precious gemstones and remain a symbol of love, luxury, and elegance worldwide.